Time Spent in Foster Care

Average length of time spent in foster care

(FY2020)

A long time in a temporary placement

HIGHER than the national average

DCF-2022-Length-A-7Apr2022

3rd HIGHEST compared to the most populated states

DCF-2022-Length-B-7Apr2022

HIGHER than the poorest states

DCF-2022-Length-C-7Apr2022

HIGHEST among the wealthiest states

DCF-2022-Length-D-7Apr2022

2nd HIGHEST among New England states

DCF-2022-Length-E-7Apr2022

INCREASING in recent years

*DCF FY21 Annual Report
*DCF FY21 Annual Report

Children In Foster Care 5+ Years

Percent of Children in Foster Care 5+ Years

(FY2020)

A lifetime for a child…

HIGHER than the national average

DCF-2022-5Years-A-7Apr2022

Tied for 2nd HIGHEST compared to the most populated states

DCF-2022-5Years-B-7Apr2022

HIGHER than the poorest states

DCF-2022-5Years-C-7Apr2022

Tied for HIGHEST among the wealthiest states

DCF-2022-5Years-D-7Apr2022

Tied for HIGHEST among New England states

DCF-2022-5Years-E-7Apr2022

INCREASING in recent years

*DCF FY21 Annual Report does not include this metric
*DCF FY21 Annual Report does not include this metric

Four or more Foster Care Placements

Percent of Children with 4+ Foster Care Placements

(FY2020)

Multiple placements have major negative impacts on child well-being1

MA has the worst performance of all states in comparisons on this critical measure.  Why aren’t we hearing more about this?

HIGHER than the national average

DCF-2022-Placements-A-7Apr2022

HIGHER than the most populated states

DCF-2022-Placements-B-7Apr2022

HIGHER than the poorest states

DCF-2022-Placements-C-7Apr2022

HIGHEST among the wealthiest states

DCF-2022-Placements-D-7Apr2022

HIGHEST among New England states

DCF-2022-Placements-E-7Apr2022

Consistently higher than the national average

*DCF FY21 annual Report does not include this metric
*DCF FY21 annual Report does not include this metric

Placed in Group Care

Percent of Children Placed in Group Care

(FY2020)

Is group care appropriate for all of these children?  Are there not enough less-restrictive options or services to keep kids at home?

HIGHER than the national average

DCF-2022-GroupCare-A-7Apr2022

HIGHER than the most populated states

DCF-2022-GroupCare-B-7Apr2022

HIGHER than the poorest states

DCF-2022-GroupCare-C-7Apr2022

HIGHEST among the wealthiest states

DCF-2022-GroupCare-D-7Apr2022

2nd HIGHEST among New England states

DCF-2022-GroupCare-E-7Apr2022

NO CHANGE in recent years

*DCF FY21 Annual Report. Sum of congregate, STARR & non-referral
*DCF FY21 Annual Report. Sum of congregate, STARR & non-referral

Adopted By Relatives

Percent of Children Adopted By Relatives

(FY2020)

Why is MA performing so poorly when DCF has been focused on kin placements?2

FAR BELOW the national average

DCF-2022-Relatives-A-7Apr2022

LOWER than the most populated states

DCF-2022-Relatives-B-7Apr2022

LOWER than the poorest states

DCF-2022-Relatives-C-7Apr2022

LOWEST among the wealthiest states

DCF-2022-Relatives-D-7Apr2022

LOWEST among New England states

DCF-2022-Relatives-E-7Apr2022

NO CHANGE since 2015

*DCF FY21 Annual Report does not include this metric
*DCF FY21 Annual Report does not include this metric

Time in Foster Care Before Adoption

Length of Stay in Foster Care Before Adoption

(FY2020)

A significant part of a child’s life without a permanent family

LONGER than the national average

DCF-2022-StayBefore-A-7Apr2022

3rd LONGEST compared to the most populated states

DCF-2022-StayBefore-B-7Apr2022

LONGER than the poorest states

DCF-2022-StayBefore-C-7Apr2022

LONGEST among the wealthiest states

DCF-2022-StayBefore-D-7Apr2022

LONGEST among the New England states

DCF-2022-StayBefore-E-7Apr2022

INCREASING in recent years

*DCF FY21 Annual Report does not include this metric
*DCF FY21 Annual Report does not include this metric

Exiting Foster Care to Emancipation

Percent of Youth Exiting Foster Care to Emancipation3

(FY2020)

Aging out of care without permanence has lifelong consequences4

HIGHER than the national average

DCF-2022-Exiting-A-7Apr2022

2nd HIGHEST compared to the most populated states

DCF-2022-Exiting-B-7Apr2022

HIGHER than the poorest states

DCF-2022-Exiting-C-7Apr2022

2nd HIGHEST among the wealthiest states

DCF-2022-Exiting-D-7Apr2022

2nd HIGHEST among New England states

DCF-2022-Exiting-E-7Apr2022

Consistently HIGHER than the national average

*DCF Annual Report FY2021
*DCF Annual Report FY2021

Data Sources: Child Trends FY2019 and FY2020 & MA DCF Annual Report FY2021
State rankings for most populated, wealthiest, and poorest (median income) from World Population Review
3 In child welfare emancipation means aging out at age 22, or before, and often after years of trauma, with no “forever” family or lifelong connections.
4 Think of Us “Away from Home" Report